What contemporary methods are used in societies of mixed cultures?

Paper instructions:

Write a five (5) page paper (minimum number of pages not including the cover page and reference page) that examines and assesses the Multicultural influences of todays society and impact/effect on the criminal justices system (which includes, police/fire, courts and corrections).  A minimum of five references/resources are required.

In your paper, address the following:

How do the cultural concerns and influences affect justice and security,  administration and practice?

What contemporary methods are used in societies of mixed cultures?

How do these influences and considerations relate to and affect nondiscrimination practices within the criminal justice system?

Note that there is a second part to this assignment (2.1a) which requires you to submit your paper to turnitin and the post the results for me to review (25 points).  The maximum similarity allowed is 20%, you will be penalized a point for every percentage over 20%.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.  If you need assistance with the formatting take advantage of the following:  Note that there is an APA tool in Word that will assist you;

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Multiculturalism and the Criminal Justice System

Multiculturalism implies recognizing the diversity existing among different cultures to resolve the challenge of racialization and integration. Torres and Tarozzi ( 2019) remark on one fundamental issue expressed in a multicultural discourse on how minorities can coexist with the majority, where a problem usually arises when a host nation’s system seems to readjust the lives of immigrant communities. This readjustment occurs in various ways; notably, the host nation would expect the immigrant minorities to abandon their culture, or their failure to acculturate in their new environment would make them distinct to attract different treatment and limitation in the enjoyment of citizenship rights (Torres & Tarozzi, 2019). For the minorities and migrant groups, abandoning culture to enjoy social, political and economic equality always conflicts with the criminal justice system. The criminal justice system encompasses policing and law enforcement issues, the aspects aiming to create a monolith of a system aligned to the needs of the majority (Ward et al., 2018; Torres & Tarozzi, 2019).

An effective criminal justice system should anchor on fairness and equality of rights, where law enforcement and social injustice should build on the cultural context to resolve an identity crisis. Assessing how the criminal justice system understands inter-group relations poses the question of the criminal justice system’s capacity to appreciate the diversity of culture among groups. Ideally,  multiculturalism encompasses three major components, including diversity, ideology, and policy. Equally, multiculturalism could be expressed as a way diversity is experienced and managed, where ideology and policy components underline how society embraces diversity and the policies and practices supporting multicultural societies, respectively. Torres and Tarozzi (2019) opine that multiculturalism is denoted by several outcomes, including social connectedness, intergroup perceptions and relations, and how individuals perceive themselves. At the group level, a group’s take on their rights, ability to maintain cultural heritage, how a group’s existence in a new society impacts the receiving society, and tension and threat posed by the minority’s existence in contemporary society.

Criminal justice remains the core in guiding the ideologies and policies influencing the social connections and interactions among diverse groups. Multiculturalism emphasizes ethnic and cultural differences that ought to stand out so that fairness in the administration of justice is attained. Different cultures are guided by diverse ideologies that may conflict with the expectation of the majority; under such circumstances, identity crisis conflicts may arise due to the failure of the minority to toe the line (Birnbaum et al., 2020). A blanket response to law enforcement and other correctional programs automatically fails when such systems apply a colorblindness approach, assuming similarities in a society of mixed cultures (Bagci et al., 2017). When a criminal justice system ignores the diversity and ideologies existing in a multicultural society, the crime rate and the systems’ propensity to find fault with the majority creates an unequal and unfair system unresponsive to the needs of the minority.

Presently, multicultural societies have adopted measures such as multicultural education intended to develop ethnic and cultural literacy. Fundamentally, such education to the criminal justice system and the mixed culture society reinforces values, where the victims of unfair treatment can develop pride in own’s cultural identity (Grant, 2018). In addition, the information from multicultural education can challenge the prejudice, stereotyping, ethnocentrism, and racism, resulting in law enforcers’ multicultural competence. Multicultural education forms part of the social justice education can be critical when it targets the collective rights to address oppression, discrimination, and hegemonic attitude. Birnbaum et al. (2020) denote that other methods may involve diversity and career training to delineate cultural differences likely to cause miscommunication between law enforcers and members of the minority groups. Lastly, ensuring diversity in police recruitment exercises remain critical in engaging the minority in issues facing them. Thus, these methods contribute towards an understanding that members of different social groups have their perspectives and experiences that ought to be recognized. Consequently, such efforts can enable the minority groups to develop a positive intergroup relationship when they perceive that the majority does not discriminate.


Birnbaum, H., Stephens, N., Townsend, S., & Hamedani, M. (2020). A Diversity Ideology Intervention: Multiculturalism Reduces the Racial Achievement Gap. Social Psychological And Personality Science, 12(5), 751-759. https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550620938227

Bagci, S., Çelebi, E., & Karaköse, S. (2017). Discrimination Towards Ethnic Minorities: How Does it Relate to Majority Group Members’ Outgroup Attitudes and Support for Multiculturalism. Social Justice Research, 30(1), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11211-017-0281-6

Grant, C. (2018). Together for a Better Multicultural Society. Multicultural Perspectives, 20(4), 200-201. https://doi.org/10.1080/15210960.2018.1527148

Torres, C., & Tarozzi, M. (2019). Multiculturalism in the world system: towards a social justice model of inter/multicultural education. Globalisation, Societies And Education, 18(1), 7-18. https://doi.org/10.1080/14767724.2019.1690729

Ward, C., Gale, J., Staerklé, C., & Stuart, J. (2018). Immigration and Multiculturalism in Context: A Framework for Psychological Research. Journal Of Social Issues74(4), 833-855. https://doi.org/10.1111/josi.12301